New technologies offer great opportunities to artists and designers, with a robotic tool that facilitates their techniques to carry out creative projects, combining them with digital technology and the precision and flexibility of design has been taken to a new level.
Some artists reflect their opinion through their artistic creations, as does the artist Jonathan Monaghan, who says that his works are a “criticism”.
Jonathan Monaghan is a contemporary artist. He is a multidisciplinary artist who works in a variety of media, including sculpture and computer-animated video. His work has been exhibited at the Sundance Film Festival, the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, the Frist Museum of Art in Nashville and the Tokyo Palace in Paris. His work has been published in The New York Times, Vogue, BOMB Magazine, The Washington Post and The Village Voice. Lives and works in Washington DC.
This artist is known for his surreal virtual reality piece Escape Pod. And then he carried out his project, called Agnus Dei (After Zurbarán), based on a piece from 1635 by Francisco de Zurbarán.
This sculpture was inspired by the painting where you see a tied lamb known as The Lamb of God, the artist designed the silhouette using 3D modeling software.
Then he used a robotic arm with a diamond bit to carve the complex shapes into marble, he began his work at the Digital Stone Project Workshop facility. After elaborating the 3D design, he sent the design to the organization that works with the Digital Stone Project workshops, Garfagnna Innovazione, located in a region of Tuscany where they are dedicated to carving Tuscan marble.
How was the process?
In the Tuscan marble carving factory workshop a 7-axis milling robot was used to sculpt its design in Carrara marble, this type of marble was the one used in the design of ancient Renaissance sculptures.
Later for the final details he used 3D printed accessories and in the final finishes it took a little more time for sanding and finishing.
Monaghan explains. “First the robot outlines the shape, then takes a rough pass and finally sculpts the details.” “With this process I got a pretty decent marble shape, but then I needed a month of hand finishing to remove the milling lines. After polishing the sculpture to a smooth surface, place 3D printed stainless steel trim on the marble. ”
Deepening the possibilities offered by robotics in art disciplines such as sculpture, painting, has helped to awaken a new way of thinking among artists, a new way of using robotic technology, in favor of creativity.