THE IMPACT OF ROBOTICS ON THE ART OF ARCHITECTURE

Industrial robots have been an important aid to manufacturing due to their carrying capacity, range and precision. But new technologies such as digital have increased the skills of robots, increasing their flexibility, making it a more useful tool in the machining process, designing complex parts with greater speed and precision.

It is these capabilities that have made design, architecture, and design link industrial robots to their industry by applying new technologies. The connection between architecture and robotics has been considered for a long time, and today with new digital developments and artificial intelligence, not only buildings are designed, but artistic works such as sculptures and monuments are created. All made with the application of machining and robotic milling.

Robot manufacturers are integrating technological innovations and high-level components of engineering and electronic industrial robots, CNC milling machines and 3D printers to generate more versatility in the assembly of parts and recreate rapid production with high quality finishes.

A robot is a more competent process that could reduce the time and cost of construction. this makes them suitable for uses outside of simple manufacturing. For example, in the field of architecture, with the use of an industrial robot, architecture has a simpler process, and prototypes can be made, tested, improved, and designed prototypes again and faster. Robotic architecture can also be essential in building construction, as machining robots are extremely effective in machining specific components for complex architectural projects and assembling them according to configuration optimizing the process. The potential of robotic architecture has managed to transform the industry.

In reality, a robot is a more competent process that could reduce the time and cost of construction. KUKA has developed the KR100 L80AH 6-axis robot for large-scale tools, models, and molding of architectural parts. The system is capable of milling parts up to 50 ‘wide by 12’ high, with the ability to machine smaller, more detailed sculpture-type parts.

Examples like the one in Manhattan a few years ago, where a robot built a 72-foot brick structure or designs where robots are used to build complex and tangled-looking environments. Carried out by designers and architects Fabio Gramazio and Matthias Kohler in collaboration with ETH Zurich

Another example, they used the robot as a milling machine, to create pieces that could shape the acoustics of a room.

In architecture, robots have been used primarily to choose and place materials, such as bricks. Robots are ideal for design and construction in real time. The emergence of robotic technologies for architectural design raises questions about how construction methods could change in the future. Effective architectural robots have a great future in structured environments.